|Target Language:||third conditional|
|Resources Needed:||copies of the worksheet and story: https://docs.google.com/open?id=0B4EoRfLTEZnMS21XUFVKZWFxY2M This link should take you to the original document, but if it doesn't let me know!|
warmer - I usually start by asking if anyone has recently bought a lottery ticket and then asking if they won - the answer is always no! You can then ask them what they would have done if they had won. If there is no lottery make up another question and try to extend this to include more students and get the whole class to think about a hypothetical situation in the past.
Give out the information sheet and discuss the points in turn. Get the students to talk about each sample sentence or think of similar sentences.
Presentation - present the form of the tense and elicit/teach the question and negative forms. Point out that the clauses can be swapped around as long as the correct grammar is used in each clause and the meaning is not lost. Elicit some example sentences from the class - prompt at first if necessary, but try to let them make some original sentences.
Ask the students if they have ever had a really bad day, let them briefly tell their story, then ask questions in the third conditional to see if their day could have been improved somehow. Tell them they are going to read a story about a young man who has a bad day, but it could have been prevented . Hand out the story sheet. Teach any vocabulary your students may not know. I wrote this story in the present tense, which may not work. I did this because I also made a cartoon on Go Animate! which the class watched at the same time. You may wish to re-write the story in past tenses. The students read the story - let them clarify any points they don't understand before you proceed.
Discuss the box - what could have been different? Elicit a few sentences from the class but not too many as this comes later.
Pairwork - students work together to answer the quiz questions. Feedback - elicit answers and discuss (let the students explain) why they gave these answers. Make sure the students have understood all of the important points in the story by asking concept questions.
Plenary - one student from each pair should come to the board and write one sentence about the day - hopefully without repetition. It's surprising how many different things they will come up with! Often ideas I hadn't thought of myself. If there is a mistake in any sentence allow the class to find it if they can - otherwise correct it.
If they can do homework tell them to write a short story about a bad day they have had - true or fictional - and how it could have been different.
- It may be good to have the form of the tense written on the board whilst the students are writing their sentences. If there is time at the end, ask some questions in the third conditional and try to elicit some more from the class.
- try to encourage lots of conversation in the class, not just student-teacher but, if you have time, they could be put in groups to discuss the story and how it could have been different before writing their sentences.